electric circuit

What is Electric Circuit?

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Electric circuit, way for sending electric flow. An electric circuit incorporates a gadget that offers energy to the charged particles comprising the flow, for example, a battery or a generator; gadgets that utilization flow, for example, lights, electric engines, or PCs; and the interfacing wires or transmission lines. Two of the essential laws that numerically portray the exhibition of electric circuits are Ohm’s law and Kirchhoff’s principles.

electric circuit
FIg: Circuit

Electric circuits are arranged severally. An immediate current circuit conveys current that streams just one way. An Alternative current (AC) pulsates back and forth many times each second,, as in most family circuits. (For a more-itemized conversation of immediate and exchanging flow circuits, see power: Direct electric flow and power: Alternating electric flows.) An series circuit contains a way along which the entire flow courses through every segment. An parallel circuit includes branches so the current partitions and just piece of it courses through any branch. The voltage, or possible contrast, across each part of an equal circuit is the equivalent, yet the flows may change. In a home electrical circuit, for example, a similar voltage is applied across each light or machine, however every one of these heaps draws an alternate measure of flow, as indicated by its capacity necessities. Various comparative batteries associated in equal gives more noteworthy current than a solitary battery, however the voltage is equivalent to for a solitary battery. See likewise coordinated circuit; tuned circuit.

  • series circuit
  • parallel circuit 1

electrical circuit is The organization of semiconductors, transformers, capacitors, associating wires, and other electronic parts inside a single device, Such complex circuits might be comprised of at least one or more branches in mixes of series and parallel arrangement.

  • resistor
  • resistor parallel

Before knowing more about electric element we have to know what is charge, current, voltage

Electrical circuit factors:

  • CHARGE: Charge is an electrical property of the atomic particle of which matter consists , measured in coulombs(c).In another word we can say charge is a flow of electron.  
  • VOLTAGE: Voltage or potential difference is the energy required to move a unit charge through an element , measure in volts(v).  
  • CURRENT:  Electric current is the time rate of change of charge, measured in amperes(a). Mathematically , the relationship between current I, charge q , and time t is    I=dq/dt  
    • Generally there are two types of current ·     
      • Direct current(DC) ·     
      • Alternative current(AC)
    • DC CURRENT: A direct  current is a current that remains constant with time. The  important Example of a DC current is Battery  .Battery supplies DC current .     
    • AC CURRENT:   An alternating current is a current that varies with time.  Our main current line is known as alternating current (AC).     There are some important element in a circuit ,they are given below                                              
  • i.          RESISTOR                                           
  • ii.          CAPACITOR                                        
  • iii.          INDUCTOR                                         
  • iv.          DIODE                                           
  • v.          TRANSISTOR                                         
  • vi.          TRANSFORMER

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