What is Mesothelima ? (Symptoms and Causes )

Overview

Malignant mesothelima (me-zoe-thee-lee-O-muh) is a type of cancer that occurs in the thin layer of tissue that covers the majority of your internal organs (mesothelium).

Generally Mesothelioma is an aggressive and deadly form of cancer. Mesothelioma treatments are available, but for many people with mesothelioma, a cure isn’t possible. like any other cancer issues.

Doctors divide mesothelioma into different types based on what part of the mesothelium is affected. Mesothelioma most often affects the tissue that surrounds the lungs (pleura). This type is called pleural mesothelioma. Other, rarer types of mesothelioma affect tissue in the abdomen (peritoneal mesothelioma), around the heart and around the testicles.

Mesothelioma care at Mayo Clinic

Mesothelima Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of mesothelioma vary depending on where the cancer occurs.

Pleural mesothelioma, which affects the tissue that surrounds the lungs, causes signs and symptoms that may include:

  • Chest pain
  • Painful coughing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Unusual lumps of tissue under the skin on your chest
  • Unexplained weight loss

Peritoneal mesothelioma, which occurs in tissue in the abdomen, causes signs and symptoms that may include:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Abdominal swelling
  • Nausea
  • Unexplained weight loss

Other forms of mesothelioma

Signs and symptoms of other types of mesothelioma are unclear, since these forms of the disease are very rare.

Pericardial mesothelioma, which affects tissue that surrounds the heart, can cause signs and symptoms such as breathing difficulty and chest pains.

Mesothelioma of tunica vaginalis, which affects tissue surrounding the testicles, may be first detected as swelling or a mass on a testicle.

When to see a doctor

See your primary care physician in the event that you have signs and indications that stress you. Signs and manifestations of mesothelioma aren’t explicit to this infection and, because of the uncommonness of mesothelioma, are bound to be identified with different conditions.

On the off chance that any tenacious signs and indications appear to be irregular or annoying, request that your PCP assess them. Tell your PCP in the event that you’ve been presented to asbestos.

Mesothelima Causes

In general, cancer begins when a series of changes (mutations) happens in a cell’s DNA. The DNA contains the instructions that tell a cell what to do. The mutations tell the cell to grow and multiply out of control. The abnormal cells accumulate and form a tumor.

It isn’t clear what causes the initial genetic mutations that lead to mesothelioma, though researchers have identified factors that may increase the risk. It’s likely that cancers form because of an interaction between many factors, such as inherited conditions, your environment, your health conditions and your lifestyle choices.

Risk factors

Asbestos exposure: The primary risk factor for mesothelioma

Most mesotheliomas are believed to be identified with asbestos openness. Asbestos is a mineral that is discovered normally in the climate. Asbestos strands are solid and impervious to warm, making them helpful in a wide assortment of utilizations, for example, in protection, brakes, shingles, flooring and numerous different items.

At the point when asbestos is separated, for example, during the mining interaction or while eliminating asbestos protection, residue might be made. On the off chance that the residue is breathed in or gulped, the asbestos strands will get comfortable the lungs or in the stomach,

where they can cause bothering that may prompt mesothelioma. Precisely how this happens isn’t perceived. It can take 20 to 60 years or more for mesothelioma to create after asbestos openness.

Most people with asbestos exposure never develop mesothelioma. This indicates that other factors may be involved in determining whether someone gets mesothelioma. For instance, you could inherit a predisposition to cancer or some other condition could increase your risk.

Factors that may increase the risk of mesothelioma include:

  • Personal history of asbestos exposure. If you’ve been directly exposed to asbestos fibers at work or at home, your risk of mesothelioma is greatly increased.
  • Living with someone who works with asbestos. People who are exposed to asbestos may carry the fibers home on their skin and clothing. Exposure to these stray fibers over many years can put others in the home at risk of mesothelioma. People who work with high levels of asbestos can reduce the risk of bringing home asbestos fibers by showering and changing clothes before leaving work.
  • A family history of mesothelioma. If your parent, sibling or child has mesothelioma, you may have an increased risk of this disease.
  • Radiation therapy to the chest. If you had radiation therapy for cancer in your chest, you might have an increased risk of mesothelioma.

Complications

As pleural mesothelioma spreads in the chest, it puts pressure on the structures in that area. This can cause complications, such as:

  • Difficulty breathing
  • Chest pain
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Pain caused by pressure on the nerves and spinal cord
  • Accumulation of fluid in the chest (pleural effusion), which can compress the lung nearby and make breathing difficult

Prevention

Reducing your exposure to asbestos may lower your risk of mesothelioma.

Find out whether you work with asbestos

Most people with mesothelioma were exposed to the asbestos fibers at work. Workers who may encounter asbestos fibers include:

  • Asbestos miners
  • Electricians
  • Plumbers
  • Pipefitters
  • Insulators
  • Shipyard workers
  • Demolition workers
  • Brake mechanics
  • Selected military personnel
  • Home remodelers

Ask your employer whether you have a risk of asbestos exposure on the job.

Follow your employer’s safety regulations

Follow all security safety measures in your work environment, like wearing defensive gear. You may likewise be needed to shower and change out of your work garments prior to taking a mid-day break or returning home. Converse with your PCP about different safeguards you can take to shield yourself from asbestos openness.

Be safe around asbestos in your home

More established homes and structures may contain asbestos. By and large, it’s more perilous to eliminate the asbestos than it is to leave it unblemished. Separating asbestos may make strands become airborne, where they can be breathed in. Counsel specialists prepared to identify asbestos in your home.

These specialists may test the air in your home to decide if the asbestos is a danger to your wellbeing. Try not to endeavor to eliminate asbestos from your home — enlist a certified expert.By Mayo Center Staff

Mesothelioma care at Mayo Clinic

See Also:

mesothelioma mesothelioma symptoms mesothelioma definition mesothelioma cancer mesothelioma commercial mesothelioma causes mesothelioma meme mesothelioma meaning mesothelioma treatment mesothelioma survival rate mesothelioma ad mesothelioma affects what part of the body mesothelioma asbestos mesothelioma applied research foundation mesothelioma attorney mesothelioma abdomen mesothelioma age mesothelioma attorney near me a mesothelioma lawyer a pleural mesothelioma who is the best mesothelioma attorney how much do mesothelioma lawyers make best lawyers for mesothelioma can you sue for mesothelioma mesothelioma book mesothelioma blood test mesothelioma biopsy mesothelioma brain mesothelioma bap1 mesothelioma benign mesothelioma breast cancer mesothelioma biomarkers stage 3 b mesothelioma stage 2 b mesothelioma b-catenin mesothelioma what is stage 3 mesothelioma what is the survival rate of mesothelioma stage 3 mesothelioma compensation vitamin c mesothelioma mesothelioma c est quoi mesothelioma adenocarcinoma mesothelioma ad script mesothelioma adalah mesothelioma adalah pdf mesothelioma advert mesothelioma advanced symptoms mesothelioma advances vitamin d mesothelioma mesothelioma effects mesothelioma early symptoms mesothelioma epithelioid mesothelioma exposure mesothelioma etymology mesothelioma en español mesothelioma epidemiology mesothelioma early detection o que e mesothelioma cosa e mesothelioma e cadherin mesothelioma mesothelioma financial compensation mesothelioma from asbestos mesothelioma foundation mesothelioma facts mesothelioma firefighters mesothelioma free book mesothelioma from smoking mesothelioma from home renovation f pleural mesothelioma how fast does pleural mesothelioma progress how to diagnose pleural mesothelioma mesothelioma gif mesothelioma guy mesothelioma genetic mesothelioma guide mesothelioma gravis mesothelioma grants mesothelioma gene therapy mesothelioma gene mutation mesothelioma histology mesothelioma hotline mesothelioma how do you get it mesothelioma histology usmle mesothelioma how to say mesothelioma heart mesothelioma hereditary mesothelioma hub mesothelioma in dogs mesothelioma immunotherapy mesothelioma is mesothelioma is caused by mesothelioma in cats mesothelioma images mesothelioma in spanish mesothelioma in the stomach mesothelioma joke mesothelioma jpc mesothelioma justice network mesothelioma johns hopkins mesothelioma johnson and johnson mesothelioma jobs mesothelioma jelentése mesothelioma journal j&j mesothelioma trial mesothelioma uk mesothelioma uk shop mesothelioma uk christmas cards mesothelioma uk facebook mesothelioma uk helpline mesothelioma uk trials mesothelioma uk donations mesothelioma uk nurses mesothelioma lawsuit mesothelioma life expectancy mesothelioma lung cancer mesothelioma lawyer new york mesothelioma law firm mesothelioma latency period mesothelioma lung mesothelioma lawyer dallas mesothelioma metastasis mesothelioma medical definition mesothelioma mskcc mesothelioma mortality rate mesothelioma markers mesothelioma medication mesothelioma number mesothelioma nccn guidelines mesothelioma navy mesothelioma nivolumab mesothelioma news mesothelioma new treatments mesothelioma navy veterans mesothelioma number of cases n mesothelioma mesothelioma in chinese mesothelioma of the abdomen mesothelioma of pleura mesothelioma ovarian cancer mesothelioma on ct mesothelioma icd-o-3 mesothelioma o que significa o que causa mesothelioma mesothelioma pronunciation mesothelioma prognosis mesothelioma pathology outlines mesothelioma pleura mesothelioma pathophysiology mesothelioma peritoneal mesothelioma pleural effusion mesothelioma pictures mesothelioma quote mesothelioma que es mesothelioma quebec mesothelioma questions to ask doctor mesothelioma que enfermedad es mesothelioma quality of life mesothelioma qocs mesothelioma qka eshte que es el mesothelioma q es mesothelioma mesothelioma radiology mesothelioma research foundation mesothelioma ribbon mesothelioma risk factors mesothelioma ribbon color mesothelioma research mesothelioma research foundation of america mesothelioma rates mesothelioma symptoms and signs mesothelioma stages mesothelioma stage 4 mesothelioma stomach mesothelioma surgery mesothelioma settlement is mesothelioma is mesothelioma curable is mesothelioma lung cancer is mesothelioma always fatal is mesothelioma contagious is mesothelioma a cancer is mesothelioma genetic is mesothelioma rare mesothelioma ct mesothelioma ct staging mesothelioma ct dog mesothelioma ctdna mesothelioma ct protocol mesothelioma ct radiographics peritoneal mesothelioma ct cystic mesothelioma ct car t mesothelioma mesothelioma car t cells mesothelioma awareness t-shirts mesothelioma t shirt malignant mesothelioma t staging mesothelioma usmle mesothelioma uptodate mesothelioma ultrasound mesothelioma urban dictionary mesothelioma upper back pain upenn mesothelioma mesothelioma u mesothelioma vs lung cancer mesothelioma vs asbestosis mesothelioma vaccine mesothelioma vs adenocarcinoma mesothelioma veterans mesothelioma victims mesothelioma vs copd mesothelioma vaping pneumoconiosis and mesothelioma mesothelioma fairchild v glenhaven what is the difference between mesothelioma and asbestosis what's the difference between mesothelioma and asbestosis mesothelioma wiki mesothelioma what is it mesothelioma word breakdown mesothelioma warning signs mesothelioma without asbestos exposure mesothelioma word parts mesothelioma wrongful death lawsuit mesothelioma what causes it malignant peritoneal mesothelioma w what is peritoneal mesothelioma cancer how does peritoneal mesothelioma kill you what is peritoneal mesothelioma mesothelioma x ray mesothelioma x ray findings mesothelioma x ray images mesothelioma xmas cards mesothelioma xenograft model mesothelioma chest x ray mesothelioma chest x ray findings pericardial mesothelioma x ray mesothelioma cancer x-ray can you see mesothelioma on an x ray does mesothelioma show on x ray mesothelioma you or a loved one mesothelioma youtube mesothelioma young age mesothelioma yervoy opdivo mesothelioma young adults mesothelioma yap mesothelioma young woman mesothelioma young sheldon mesotelioma signos y sintomas mesotelioma y amianto mesothelioma causas y consecuencias celulas epiteliales bajas en la orina valores normales sintomas de diabetes en niños y adolescentes mesothelioma zero to finals mesothelioma zeolite mesothelioma zevon mesothelioma znaczenie zalcman mesothelioma zauderer mesothelioma mesothelioma new zealand mesothelioma co to za choroba keynote 028 mesothelioma pembrolizumab mesothelioma keynote 028 mesothelioma 1 year survival rate mesothelioma 10 year survival rate mesothelioma 1st stage 1800 mesothelioma mesothelioma icd 10 mesothelioma stage 1 mesothelioma 9/11 mesothelioma pd-1 stage 1 mesothelioma bap1 mesothelioma hbme 1 mesothelioma ttf 1 mesothelioma wt1 mesothelioma glut1 mesothelioma grade 1 mesothelioma mesothelioma 2020 mesothelioma 2019 mesothelioma 2008 scheme mesothelioma 2nd line mesothelioma 2018 mesothelioma 2nd stage 2008 mesothelioma mesothelioma settlements 2019 stage 2 mesothelioma mars 2 mesothelioma maps 2 mesothelioma stage 2 mesothelioma symptoms systems 2 mesothelioma is stage 2 mesothelioma curable level 2 mesothelioma 2 types of mesothelioma mesothelioma 30 billion mesothelioma 3 types mesothelioma 30 years later mesothelioma 30 3m mesothelioma 3 mesothelioma symptoms mesothelioma stage 3 mesothelioma in 30s stage 3 mesothelioma gata3 in mesothelioma fibulin 3 mesothelioma glypican 3 mesothelioma is stage 3 mesothelioma curable 3 types of mesothelioma mesothelioma ae1/3 mesothelioma 4th stage 4 mesothelioma mesothelioma stage 4 survival rate mesothelioma d2-40 mesothelioma level 4 mesothelioma stadium 4 mesothelioma type 4 mesothelioma cancer stage 4 symptoms stage 4 mesothelioma claudin 4 mesothelioma stage 4 mesothelioma in lungs mesothelioma 5 year survival rate mesothelioma 5 year survival mesothelioma 5k mesothelioma 5 year peritoneal mesothelioma 5 year survival mesothelioma cytokeratin 5/6 mesothelioma after 5 years mesothelioma part 5 stage 5 mesothelioma cytokeratin 5 mesothelioma kick out mesothelioma 5 miler 5 symptoms of mesothelioma mesothelioma ck5/6 mesothelioma cdk4/6 mesothelioma interleukin-6 ck 5/6 mesothelioma ck5/6 mesothelioma what is the life expectancy of someone with mesothelioma can mesothelioma go into remission what is the prognosis for mesothelioma does mesothelioma go into remission mesothelioma cytokeratin 7 checkmate 743 mesothelioma mesothelioma tnm staging 7th edition 7news mesothelioma cytokeratin 7 mesothelioma tnm mesothelioma 8th pax8 mesothelioma mesothelioma in 80 year old mesothelioma over 80 tnm8 mesothelioma mesothelioma icd 9 monosomy 9 mesothelioma ca 19-9 mesothelioma icd 9 mesothelioma